The Cornerstone of Liberty

Their is a trend that has been gaining momentum over the last few decades here in the United States that is directly leading to our demise. This movement has been successfully identified by many as a problem yet it continues. It is the basis for many of the challenges we face as a nation and it is a planned attack on our republic. Of course I am talking about our education system and its perversion at the hands of the enemies of America.

George Washington, in his 8th Annual Message on December 7, 1796 said:

“[T]he common education of . . . our youth . . . well deserves attention. . . . and a primary object . . . should be the education of our youth in the science of government. In a republic what species of knowledge can be equally important and what duty more pressing . . . than to patronize a plan for communicating it to those who are to be the future guardians of the liberties of the country?”

No truer words have been spoken. For a republic to survive, the people who elect our representatives to government and who are supposed to monitor the workings of it must be educated on its proper form and powers. How else can the people elect the best candidate to office and ensure that government is performing the tasks it should be? Without knowing what our unalienable rights consist of, how can we the people insure they are not be trodden upon? Our ignorance of our Constitution and the founding principles of this nation are the foundation upon which adversaries of liberty are fundamentally transforming this nation.

The truth is a grim one. The Annenberg Public Policy Center performed a survey which should alarm Americans. Only 26% of the people surveyed could name the three branches of government. 33% of respondents could not name ANY branches of our federal government. This is the most basic of knowledge about our government and our Constitution. It is logical to assume that more complex information about the proper workings of Washington DC are lost on a huge majority of Americans. A republic cannot survive under such conditions.

Classes on government or our founding documents are harder and harder to find in schools nowadays. I have talked to local high school students who indicate that the time spent on the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution are minimal and cursory. When I went to school I had multiple classes dealing with the subject matter at various grade levels. This non-education continues into the college levels also. Nowadays, plenty of law schools have scrubbed the Constitution from its curriculum and instead teach classes about constitutional law. Instead of learning the supreme law of the land, students memorize case law and the interpretations of the Supreme Court and think it is the law.

I can attest to the gross lack of knowledge possessed by people I interact with online and in person. Ignorance is bad enough but the apathy surrounding the topic is also exasperating. The discussion of the founding principles including the Declaration of Independence, The Constitution of the United States and the Bill of Rights cannot occur with most people because of their dearth of knowledge on the subject matter. I suggest that this is a planned attack on our republic and that it is succeeding.

America is one of the strongest if not the strongest nation to ever grace the face of the earth. The idea of a military incursion into our country would be suicide for any who would take the action. We cannot be overthrown that way. The more likely approach would be for the enemies of America to adopt the long term strategy of eliminating the knowledge needed for our republic to survive and allow human nature to do the rest. That is where we find ourselves at as a nation.

What made our country the greatest ever was the principles it was founded upon. The ideas of unalienable rights, limited government, the consent of the governed, the idea that we the people can rule ourselves ad that we create government to secure our rights is a very powerful design in the defense of liberty. But these ideals must be maintained by the people and constant vigilance is our responsibility. Governments throughout history have been shown to be the biggest abusers of human rights to ever exist and always have a tendency to grow larger and more obtrusive. This is nothing new.

Without that vigilance by the people, our country is susceptible to the same forces which have destroyed other nations throughout history. A piece of paper with nice words on it is not enough to secure our liberty and prosperity. A great set of ideals fails when they are not defended and upheld. A proud heritage of freedom can be wiped out when the standards that created those conditions are abandoned. Through the planned attack on the philosophy that created our country, Americans are increasingly ignorant of the gifts we were given to us by our forefathers.  We move toward our demise in a zombie like trance with distractions galore to move us along the path.

“The truth is like a lion; you don’t have to defend it. Let it loose; it will defend itself.”

I do not want to tell people what to think. I do however want to help educate them so they can make informed decisions. Knowledge is power and ignorance leads to servitude and poverty in this case. We were given the gift of liberty from our forefathers and now squander it away through ignorance and apathy. The truth about our founding principles and the documents associated with that founding must once again be embraced by Americans for us to remain a free and sovereign nation. There is no other cure for our affliction.

I have recently affiliated myself with an organization that has a well though out plan to combat the forces of ignorance destroying this country. Their name (and mission) is Restore the Intent. Their simple but thorough plan is to hold study groups in each county across these United States. What makes this idea unique is the teachings of KrisAnne Hall, a constitutional attorney and expert who travels around the United States lecturing about our founding principles, will be the nucleus of the education. Her curriculum, the Liberty First University series she developed and continually makes additions to, will be used as the core for the instruction into various topics.

I can tell you from personal experience, there is no one that I have seen who has KrisAnne Hall’s depth of knowledge, organizational skills, and thoroughness on the Constitution and the founding principles of this country. She consistently presents the unabashed truth and in the process instills knowledge and logic into our founding as a nation. She destroys the anti-American narrative that too many support nowadays. She is a true patriot and I am honored to pass on her teachings.

I urge you to look into Restore the Intent. You can sign up for classes in your area and when one opens up you will be notified. Another option is to be the host of a constitutional study group. If you are a patriot and see the value and necessity of teaching our founding principles then I urge you to sign up. You must possess an thorough knowledge of our Constitution and commit to holding regular sessions.

This is a great opportunity to learn/teach the truth that is so desperately needed right now in the United States of America. The enemies of freedom and well being are dumbing down America in the hopes of destroying this country. Once again embracing our heritage and the truth of our founding is our ONLY avenue for our long term success as a nation.

I will end with a quote from Thomas Jefferson:

“If a nation expects to be ignorant & free, in a state of civilization, it expects what never was & never will be

Join me at Constitutional Cappuccino to get plugged into a website that is all about the education Americans need to move our country back to its proper trajectory. My new book “Patriot Ammo: The Words Behind Our Flag” is also available and teaches of our founding documents and principles. The book would make a great present for anybody 16 and up.

 

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The Commerce Clause Explained

The misuse of the “Commerce Clause” is one of the most frequent attacks on the Constitution of the United States of America that our federal government utilizes. It has been used to justify car regulations, gun free zones, and Obamacare among other things. This simple clause has been perverted to push an agenda of big government corruption, control, and cronyism. What originated as a simple idea has morphed into one of the most intrusive excuses government uses for its unconstitutional activities.

The Commerce Clause is part of Article 1 Section 8 and reads: “To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes;”

This has a clear and simple meaning. Commerce is defined as “an interchange or mutual change of goods, wares, productions, or property of any kind, between nations or individuals, either by barter or by purchase and sale.” It is trade. Any commerce between the states is subject to the federal government, and if a state has an issue with another state, it is the proper place for the federal government to decide the issue. That is it. The free flow of goods and services across state lines is important to the health and vitality of this country.

What the state does within its boundaries is not rightfully subject to the Commerce Clause. By giving the federal government a say in the interstate commerce between the states, it eliminates most of the motive for one state to take advantage of fellow states because they know that these actions will not be tolerated. If this was left up to the individual states, then problems could arise. This was the case in early America.

Our federal government now says that it can now regulate any activity which has a substantial impact on the economy. This has come to include the regulation of anything that crosses state lines and the process which created the product or service. It has also come to include the means by which items are moved across state lines. Trains, buses, cars, and trucks are now regulated, and the justification is the commerce clause.

In a spectacular repudiation of common sense and the Constitution (not the first nor the last time), the Supreme Court in 1943 ruled in Wickard v. Filburn that a farmer who had grown too much wheat in violation of the Agriculture Adjustment Act of 1938 was guilty of interfering with interstate commerce. The original idea that farms could be limited in their production came from the commerce clause.

But, in this case, the farmer, Wickard, had grown an extra 12 acres of wheat, not for resale but to be used to feed his own livestock. It was the court’s decision that his growing of this wheat affected the market because it kept him from having to use the market to purchase the grain he needed. This was where the idea of Congress having power over any activity that has a substantive effect on the economy was born.

This decision was cited in the majority decision (not of Roberts, who wrote his opinion alone, but the rest of the court’s majority) authored by Ruth Bader Ginsburg in the case of NFIB v. Sebelius where it upheld the individual mandate of The Affordable Care Act (Obamacare).  The “logic” used was that people not buying insurance detrimentally affected the market by their omission from it and could be fined to encourage them to participate. So, instead of regulating commerce, our government dictated how individual Americans are supposed to act and spend their money. This is a result of interpretations of interpretations by the courts giving new and unsupported powers to the federal government.

Another travesty that most do not know about is the relationship between gun free zones and the commerce clause.  In 1990, Congress passed the Gun Free School Zones Act citing the power of the commerce clause to do so.  This was found to be unconstitutional in the landmark Supreme Court decision, United States v. Lopez.

The government argued its case by citing that the power to regulate guns in a school zone was important because the possession of a firearm in a local school zone substantially affected interstate commerce because violent crime would raise insurance costs, and those insurance costs affect commerce. They also stated that violent crime reduces individual’s desire to travel to high-crime areas within the country, thus affecting commerce.

Finally, they stated that crime threatened the ability for children to learn, thus reducing national productivity and negatively affecting commerce. Thankfully the Supreme Court got this decision right, but it shows how pliable the commerce clause is now in the hands of the Congress, and it demonstrates how Congress manipulates the Commerce clause to have a much broader meaning than our founders or their words intended.

Back to the structure of the commerce clause and the use of “and.” Does it make sense to think that our government can limit the production of wheat from a foreign farmer because it affects commerce here in the United States? Is it logical to believe that our Congress can make laws governing the proclivity of guns in a foreign country because it will affect commerce here? That is the power of the “and” in the clause. Anything that is argued that gives Congress the power over the states through the commerce clause must be just as applicable to foreign nations.

The original intent of the commerce clause is plain to see for anyone who knows our history. During the time when the Articles of Confederation were in place, some states erected trade barriers to their fellow states. The purpose of the commerce clause was to eliminate these trade barriers and create free trade among the states. What it has morphed into in the interim is fully repulsive and not supported by the Constitution.

I previously mentioned Wickard v. Filburn. How did we get to the point in this nation that the federal government can tell farmers how much of a crop they can grow and also compensate them for not growing crops? How can the federal government get involved in the internal workings of an individual farm and tell the farmer what to grow and in what quantities?

Where is this found in the Constitution?

It is not found in the document. It is the use of case law and interpretations of interpretations which have led away from its clear and simple meaning.  A simple statement concerning the regulation of commerce among the several states has morphed into the federal government telling farmers how to farm. It has morphed into the federal government telling car manufacturers how to make cars. It has turned the federal government into the national toilet dictator. The federal government tells you what light bulbs you are ALLOWED to use and what kind of food you are ALLOWED to eat. The federal government now tells families how much of their lifetime earnings they are ALLOWED to give to their descendants through the inheritance taxes. Where is ANY of this found in Article 1 Section 8? None of it is found there.

This, and most of what Congress, the President, and the Supreme Court does nowadays is unconstitutional. Why do the American people allow this activity? The Declaration of Independence offers an answer:  ” All experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed.”

For a few, that threshold is already attained. For most others it has not yet been reached. Let us hope we can start to effectively address the challenges we face as a nation before extreme measures must be taken to protect our way of life.

Join me at Constitutional Cappuccino to get plugged into a website that is all about the education Americans need to move our country back to its proper trajectory. My new book “Patriot Ammo: The Words Behind Our Flag” is also available for sale and educates the patriot in the ways to uphold and defend the Constitution from attack. The link takes you to a free preview of the first chapter of the book.

Remember: Education is the cornerstone of liberty.

Why Is The Constitution Ignored?

Why is it that so many Americans have turned their back on the Constitution of the United States?

The clear and simple meaning of the Constitution has been allowed to be perverted or simply ignored, and there is no national conversation about it. The majority of stories in the media totally ignore the existence of the Constitution and some in Congress who, when asked about the constitutionality of a bill, scoff at the idea. Very few people, if any, call either out on their behavior.

The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the land, yet it has been relegated to the back bench by too many Americans. This needs to change if we are to maintain our status as a free nation.

Congress is the only entity in our federal government that is allowed to make laws. That is confirmed by the first sentence of the Constitution. It is very clear what powers were delegated to Congress.  Article 1 Section 8 details these enumerated powers. These were powers the states originally possessed but were delegated to our newly created federal because it was determined a central authority could better do the job. These powers were described by James Madison, the “father” of the Constitution, in Federalist 45:

“The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the federal government, are few and defined. Those which are to remain in the State governments are numerous and indefinite. The former will be exercised principally on external objects, as war, peace, negotiation, and foreign commerce; with which last the power of taxation will, for the most part, be connected. The powers reserved to the several States will extend to all the objects which, in the ordinary course of affairs, concern the lives, liberties, and properties of the people, and the internal order, improvement, and prosperity of the State.”

This is the list of enumerated powers delegated by Article 1 Section 8:

“The  Congress  shall  have  Power  to  lay  and collect  Taxes,  Duties,  Imposts  and  Excises,  to  pay  the  Debts  and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States;  but  all  Duties,  Imposts  and  Excises  shall  be  uniform throughout the United States;
To borrow Money on the credit of the United States;
To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes;
To establish a uniform Rule of Naturalization, and uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States;
To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures;
To provide for the Punishment of counterfeiting the Securities and current Coin of the United States;
To establish Post Offices and post Roads;
To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries;
To constitute Tribunals inferior to the supreme Court;
To define and punish Piracies and Felonies committed on the high Seas, and Offences against the Law of Nations;
To  declare  War,  grant  Letters  of  Marque  and  Reprisal,  and  make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water;
To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years;
To provide and maintain a Navy;
To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces;
To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions;
To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of  the  United  States,  reserving  to  the  States  respectively,  the
Appointment  of  the  Officers, and the Authority of training the Militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress;
To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District  (not  exceeding  ten  Miles  square)  as  may, by Cession of particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of  the  Government  of  the  United  States,  and  to  exercise  like Authority   over   all   Places purchased  by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts,  Magazines,  Arsenals,  dockYards, and other needful Buildings;—And
To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into  Execution  the  foregoing  Powers,  and  all other  Powers  vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof”

These are the only laws which Congress is allowed to administer. 

What is missing from above?  Education. Drug regulations. Environmental laws. Business regulations. Social Security. Automobile regulations. Food regulations. Healthcare.

Add to these enterprises the agencies that have been created illegally in our federal government. Who needs Congress when you have the EPA? Or BLM? Or the FDA? The FCC? Or ATF? OSHA? FDIC? The USDA? Homeland Security? The Department of Labor? The Department of Education? The Department of  Energy?

Those are just a few of the hundreds of agencies and departments that rule our lives and are not authorized by the Constitution.  None of these items and many more tasks the government performs is not authorized by the Constitution and are thus, by definition, unconstitutional.

Add to this argument the simple statement of the 10th Amendment:

“The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.”

Why is it that we have no stories which address this problem? Nary a peep is heard when we send troops to a foreign country without a declaration of war or Congress makes a “law” concerning healthcare. Both happen too frequently, yet the dialogue we see does not ever question the legality of these actions.

Government officials break the law almost every day, yet no one is called out for their conduct. Our representatives in government take an oath to uphold and defend the Constitution, but no one is held to that oath. Why aren’t we the people talking about this?

It is my goal to educate people on the relevance and meaning of the Constitution of the United States of America. It is not a hard document to understand and contains the solutions to many problems we face today as a nation. Education is the cornerstone of liberty and must occur for us to once again put our country on the trajectory that has made us the most prosperous and free nation the world has ever seen.  Otherwise, we will be relegated to the scrap heap of history and join other failed nations in the gutter of historical mediocrity. We owe it to the billions of people yet to be born to pass on the gift of liberty that was bequeathed to us. Support the Constitution. Support America. Support Liberty.

Join me at Constitutional Cappuccino to get plugged into a website that is all about the education Americans need to move our country back to its proper trajectory. My new book “Patriot Ammo: The Words Behind Our Flag” is also available and teaches of our founding documents and principles. Linked is the first chapter for your free perusal.

The Constitution IS America

THE reason that we have had the most prosperous and free country to ever grace the face of the earth is because of our Constitution. It was a revolutionary document which allowed the people to rule themselves by creating a federal government of specific enumerated powers. It formalized a way for government to be replaced regularly without the use of violence. Many others living outside of America when the Constitution was ratified had running bets as to how long the republic would last. We beat the odds and became the beacon of freedom for the world. The Constitution literally created The United States of America.

When we turn our backs on the Constitution we turn our backs on our country. If we allow the Constitution to be attacked we allow America to be degraded. We have a wildly out of control federal government that ignores the laws with impunity and tells us everything is all right. We the people have become complacent and through ignorance have allowed our creation to be our ruler. Government is a force. It needs to be constrained. It is much like fire. It can do many good things but left unattended it can harm and kill. Washington DC is out of control and unless we shackle the beast we will witness the dissolution of our country. Yes, it can happen here. We are not immune from the ravages of historical fact.

The ignorance about the “Law of the Land” is agonizing to witness. The Constitution is a relatively short document and can easily be read in under an hour. Most have not done so. It becomes apparent when interacting with them. Understand this: The Constitution is indeed the law of the land. NO local ordinance, federal regulation, executive order, treaty, state law, federal law, opinion or any other utterance by elected officials has superiority to what is written in the Constitution.

If anything coming out of any government is in defiance of the clear and precise language of the Constitution of the United States it is by definition unconstitutional and void of relevance. That includes any branch of the federal government including the Supreme Court.

The Supreme Court does not make law. They issue opinions. They also are humans and make mistakes and have human failings which make them fallible. The Supreme Court was created by the Constitution and to think they are the final arbiters of what is constitutional is another fallacy that needs to be dispelled if we are to remain a free nation. If you think that the Supreme Court is the final arbiter of what is constitutional then you give the federal government unlimited power to do what it wants which is exactly what we have been witnessing. It must end.

Realize that there are enemies to our country who live among us. They are working toward a socialist form of government which is diametrically opposed to freedom and what this country was founded upon. They continually push for bigger and more intrusive government in out lives. They dismiss the Constitution as an outdated document that needs to be rewritten, replaced or just ignored.

What is most unfortunate is that through patriot’s inaction we have allowed a whole generation of Americans to be taught of the faults of this country and none of the grandeur we have accomplished. Our country had been reduced to slavery and oppression in the eyes of many. We have to date lost the battle of education. That must also change for us to survive as a free nation.

George Washington said it best :

A primary object should be the education of our youth in the science of government. In a republic, what species of knowledge can be equally important? And what duty more pressing than communicating it to those who are to be the future guardians of the liberties of the country? ”

No truer words have been spoken and the enemies of our country HAVE learned this lesson. We need to support the truth and educate our children in this truth. We cannot rely on the schools to do this. We need to take this task to heart and act accordingly.

It is up to YOU to do something. No one else is going to do your job for you. I realize the teachings of history. The majority is not who makes changes. Changes come when a minority of the people with a majority of the will demands and makes the change. The rest of the people just follow along. It is unfortunate but it is the truth. I am talking to a small minority of people, probably in the 3% range. We must make the changes needed for our country to survive. Make no mistake, I am talking about our survival here. We are moving toward a precipice that will engulf us in tyranny and end our nation as we know it.

So what can you do? First get educated. Do not rely on others to tell you what is in the Constitution. Read and study it yourself. There are many resources to get this knowledge. KrisAnne Hall is a person that has never lead me astray and a person whose writings and words I highly recommend. Reject the idea that the Constitution is a “living” document or it is irrelevant in our modern times. Those two arguments are easily dispelled by the educated person.

The Constitution is a compact between sovereign states to create a federal government. Compact means contract. This “contract” is still in force and is still as relevant as when it was written. It has a specific meaning and its interpretation is not subject to modern day ideals.”

Use as much original documentation as you can find for this education. The Federalist Papers, historical writings between our founders and the actual document are all you need to be way ahead of most people when it comes to understanding the meaning and relevance of the Constitution. Read about the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. Madison, Jefferson, Hamilton, Jay. Martin, Henry, Adams, Washington, and others of the era depict exactly what our Constitution is all about. I say use original documents because there is plenty out there which is written on the subject and is not accurate of the true meaning of the Constitution. Most Americans have been lied to about what is contained in our founding document. Education is the cornerstone of liberty.

When you do get educated spread the truth far and wide. Liberty lives in the hearts of man and can be rekindled by support of the idea. Speak boldly. Speak the truth. Inspire others to do the same. As things get worse in our country more people start questioning the status quo and want answers. Be able to give them the correct answers. This will lead to a better understanding of the principles this country was founded upon and lead to better results in all things. With a proper education we can identify the true problems in this country and take effective action to combat those problems. Candidates who understand the Constitution will gain more support and we can start to populate our local and state governments with patriots and statesmen once again. The conversation of the day will once more turn to politics and through this dialogue we will find liberty.

Understand what is at stake. We have been left the most precious present ever to be bequeathed to a people-liberty. It was  gained by the blood and suffering of many before us and are obligated to pass that down to future generations. Our country was a true miracle in its birth. So many things were against us yet we pushed through them and became a nation. Miracles do not happen with regularity. That is why they are a miracle. Do not forsake that miracle because you depended on someone else to do the work. YOU are part of the solution. Not anyone else. Do not doom our children and countless millions of others to follow to have to fight and die once again for something that we let slip away.

I will leave you with this thought from Thomas Jefferson:

“In matters of style swim with the current. In matters of principle stand like a rock.”

Join me at Constitutional Cappuccino to get plugged into a website that is all about the education Americans need to move our country back to its proper trajectory. My new book “Patriot Ammo: The Words Behind Our Flag” is also available and teaches of our founding documents and principles. The book would make a great present for anybody 16 and up.

Constitutional Cappuccino Podcast: The Supreme Court

This podcast deals with the Supreme Court. A look at what the Constitution says, the importance of juries and a general idea where the Supreme Court fits in our republic. All in under 10 Minutes 🙂

Constitutional Cappuccino Podcast- The Conservative Vision

This is podcast 5 from Constitutional Cappuccino. Take a look at past mistakes, add some common sense reform, mix n some SCOTUS wisdom and you have the essence of this podcast. It starts off a bit slow but when it hits its stride some great information and thoughts are given. Enjoy. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YZQF2RwZPHw

The Constitution is a Compact

The Constitution was a creation of the 13 sovereign states of the Confederation. It was an agreement between them to form a federal government to perform specific delegated duties. It is a compact. The term compact in this instance means a contract between sovereign powers. This idea has been relegated to the scrap heap of history and needs to be revived. It is an important idea that needs to be known to properly defend the Constitution from attack.

Because the United States Constitution is a compact then contract law applies. One of the biggest attacks today on constitutional protections has been the United States Supreme Court. The prevailing idea in Washington DC is that the Constitution is an old document and new interpretations need to be read into it. This is exactly opposite what contract law tells us.

Contract law tells us, rightfully and logically so, that when there is a question about a contract that a “meeting of the minds” is evaluated. This “meeting” represents the intent of the original writers of the contract. It has nothing to do with expanding or diminishing the contract. When the Founders created the Supreme Court they envisioned it going back to original principles to make decisions. The ideas of state sovereignty, enumerated powers, the people’s rights and the primary function of government being instituted to protect those rights would be reflected in every decision they make.

Another important aspect of contract interpretation is to read the document as a whole and not to evaluate specific ideas out of the context of the contract. One example: In our Constitution it states that Congress shall be the originator of all laws and in Article 1 Section 8 their is a specific list of enumerated powers that has been delegated to Congress. To think that a clause such as “general welfare” is an expansion of that delegated power is ludicrous and disingenuous. Why list any enumerated powers at all? It is because the “general welfare” clause has nothing to do with what we consider “welfare” today and was never intended to be an expansion of power, but a direction for the Congress to adhere to when making decisions.

The Founders wrote prolifically. They knew that later generations could benefit from their wisdom and their vision for what they had created. They also knew that these writings could be useful for future courts to interpret the ideas contained in the words of the Constitution. The writings of Madison, Jefferson, and Hamilton are integral to the understanding of the document. They explained the exact meanings found in the Constitution including the “necessary and proper” clause, the “supremacy” clause and what “general welfare” meant. What these ideas have morphed into would have the founders picking up arms again to combat the tyranny on their doorstep.

When interpretations of interpretations of court cases takes us away from the original and clear meaning of the Constitution then they must be fought. Being a creation of the Constitution, the Supreme Court is not the final arbiter of the Constitution. There is a reason they issue “opinions”. The Constitution has a clear and plain meaning. It was written to create a federal government of specific enumerated duties that would help the states collectively to prosper. Whenever the court makes interpretations that expand the powers of the federal government it is doing so in spite of what is written.

Among other things, it is high time that the 9th and 10th Amendment are dusted off and the proper relationship between the states and the federal government is once again realized. This must happen for our republic to survive and for prosperity and liberty to once again be part of our national lexicon.

Join me at Constitutional Cappuccino to get plugged into a website that is all about the education Americans need to move our country back to its proper trajectory. My new book “Patriot Ammo: The Words Behind Our Flag” is also available and teaches of our founding documents and principles. The book would make a great present for anybody 16 and up.